September 28, 2022

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Each year, the CDC recognizes National Women’s Health and Fitness Day to highlight the importance of exercise for all women. This year, Recognition Day falls on September 28.

According to the HHS Office on Women’s Health (OWH), physical activity provides benefits for women at different stages of life, including overweight or obese women, postmenopausal women, and women with disabilities. As such, “any physical activity is better than no physical activity,” according to the OWH.

September 28 marks this year’s National Women’s Health and Fitness Day. Source: Adobe Stock

Dietary habits are also vital for women’s health, which have various effects depending on the reproductive status and life stage of women.

Here are 10 stories from Healio’s cover about the impact of nutrition and fitness on women’s health over the past year.

Sedentary lifestyles may lead to more nighttime hot flashes and increased risk of cardiovascular disease

Women with a sedentary lifestyle were at an increased risk of hot flashes, which have been linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, according to data presented at the NAMS annual meeting. The results showed that the duration of sedentary behavior also had an impact on the frequency of hot flashes. Read more.

Diet, activity reduce gestational weight gain, improve pregnancy outcome

A structured diet and exercise intervention reduced women’s gestational weight gain and adverse pregnancy outcomes, a study in JAMA internal medicine show. “The health benefits were greater than expected,” according to the first author of the study. Read more.

2,000 extra steps a day can reduce diabetes risk in older women by 12%

Older women who walked more daily had a reduced risk of diabetes. The data also showed that more strenuous walking reduced the risk of diabetes even further. Read more.

Perimenopause may be the best time to prevent poor body composition, metabolic outcomes

The researchers found that the change in body composition and metabolism was greatest between pre- and perimenopause. They suggested this would be the “most opportune” time frame to implement nutrition and exercise interventions. Read more.

VIDEO: Nutrition has a ‘profound impact’ on pregnancy outcomes

In this interview, Kurt R. Wharton, MD, FACOG, discusses the importance of nutrition during pregnancy and emphasizes that providers need to be better informed about pregnancy-specific nutritional needs. Read more.

Coffee doesn’t increase pregnancy risk, genetic study finds

A genetic study has suggested that coffee consumption during pregnancy does not increase the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, premature birth or high birth weight. The data contradicts previous findings on coffee consumption and pregnancy outcomes. Read more.

Women with PCOS eat lower quality diets, exercise less than healthy controls

Women with polycystic ovary syndrome spent less time physically active than women without PCOS and had a lower quality diet. “These findings underscore the importance of early lifestyle intervention at the time of PCOS diagnosis to address modifiable extrinsic factors that may prevent or minimize longitudinal weight gain and associated health complications,” the researchers said. . Read more.

The daily consumption of prune preserves, protects the bones of menopausal women

Eating six prunes a day for 1 year preserved hip bone mineral density and protected against hip fractures in postmenopausal women, the data shows. However, eating 12 prunes a day did not show the same results. Read more.

High hip fracture risk in vegetarian women compared to meat eaters

Women who ate a vegetarian diet had a greater risk of hip fracture than those who ate meat regularly. Despite the results, the researchers stressed that the findings should not be taken as a sign of “giving up on vegetarian diets”. Read more.

Greater physical activity, less sedentary time may protect against breast cancer

Increased physical activity and less sedentary time were linked to a lower risk of breast cancer, confirming current recommendations for cancer prevention. According to the joint lead author of the study, sex hormones and inflammatory pathways may link physical activity to breast cancer risk. Read more.

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