December 28, 2021

2 minutes to read


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Ahead of New Years Resolutions season, Healio recaps some of his 2021 coverage on diet and exercise research.

One of the best stories of the year explored the differences between evidence-based and internet ketogenic diet teachings. Other stories included the results of studies regarding the impact of exercise on the risk of metabolic syndrome and the health benefits of eating a high-fiber breakfast.

Diet and exercise research from 2021. Source: Adobe Stock.

David S. Seres, MD, ScM, PNS, FASPEN, the director of medical nutrition and associate clinical ethicist at Columbia University Irving Medical Center, said that although most of the research remains based on observational studies, “the preponderance of these continues to support the health benefits activity and healthy eating “.

Read some of Healio’s coverage of diet and exercise research below:

10 differences between evidence-based and internet-based teachings about the keto diet

Many misconceptions about the ketogenic diet are rife on the internet, an expert told attendees at the Obesity Medicine Association’s fall conference. Read more.

Healthy diet, exercise linked to reduced risk of metabolic syndrome later in life

Adherence to physical activity or guideline recommended diet conferred cardiometabolic health benefits later in life; however, adherence to both may confer the greatest risk reductions, the researchers reported. Read more.

Eating breakfast reduces the risk of death

Eating breakfast regularly, especially when the meal included more than 25 grams of fiber, was linked to lower overall and cardiovascular mortality, a cohort study showed. Read more.

Afternoon vs. Morning Exercise Provides Greater Benefit for Men at High Metabolic Risk

Men with overweight or type 2 diabetes may derive greater metabolic benefits from exercise when training is done in the afternoon compared to the morning, small study finds retrospective. Read more.

Participants prefer the 5: 2 diet to traditional weight loss tips

The 5: 2 diet and standard weight management tips were associated with modest weight loss results, but the 5: 2 diet received significantly higher ratings among participants, according to results published in PLoS One. Read more.

Walking at least 7,000 steps per day may reduce the risk of death

Men and women who took at least 7,000 steps per day had a 50-70% lower risk of death than those who took less than 7,000 steps per day, according to results published in JAMA network open. Read more.

Only 7% of U.S. adults meet the daily fiber intake recommendation

Only 7.4% of American adults have reached the Institute of Medicine’s recommended adequate daily intake of 14 g of fiber per 1,000 kcal, according to data from a recent 5-year period. Read more.

Q&A: Sitting breaks improve fasting blood sugar and blood sugar variability

Frequent breaks from sitting for 3 weeks reduced fasting blood sugar and blood sugar variability in obese adults, according to results published in the American Journal of Physiology. Read more.

Q&A: Appropriate supplement use begins with patient-provider discussions

A recent survey showed that 76% of American adults take at least one supplement, and 29% said they take more supplements today than before the COVID-19 pandemic. Read more.

Increasing the intensity of exercise provides additional health benefits

While most of the health benefits associated with reaching recommended weekly exercise goals can be achieved through moderate physical activity, increasing vigorous physical activity may come with additional health benefits. , according to the researchers. Read more.